Type of Isolation Needed (Isolation Quick Links)

MASTER TABLE OF PATHOGENS AND TYPE OF ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS REQUIRED

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Need specific isolation information for a given infection or pathogen?

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Commonly-Searched Organisms/Infections:

Acute Respiratory Illness in Children (During Winter Respiratory Virus Season)

C. difficile

CRE (Carbepenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae)

Influenza (Seasonal)

Meningococcal meningitis (confirmed or suspected)

MRSA

MRSE (Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus)

Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter

Pertussis

RSV

Scabies/Lice

Tuberculosis (Pulmonary)

Varicella (Chickenpox/Disseminated Zoster/Single Dermatome Zoster in Immunocompromised Patient)

VRE

A

Abscess:

Adult: No dressing or adequate containment of drainage

Children: Any soft tissue abscess

Acinetobacter baumannii, multidrug-resistant

Acquired human immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Acute Respiratory Illness in Children (During Winter Respiratory Virus Season)

Adenovirus

Amebiasis

Anthrax: [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Cutaneous

Pulmonary

Aerosolizable spore-containing powder or other substance

Antibiotic-associated colitis (see Clostridium difficile)

Aspergillosis

Avian influenza (see Influenza, avian)

B

Blastomycosis

Botulism

Bronchiolitis (see Respiratory infections in infants and young children)

C

Campylobacter gastroenteritis (see Gastroenteritis)

Candidiasis, all forms including mucocutaneous

Cat-scratch fever (benign inoculation lymphoreticulosis)

Chickenpox (see Herpes Zoster)

Cholera (see Gastroenteritis)

Clostridium difficile

Coccidioidomycosis

Conjunctivitis:

Acute bacterial

Chlamydia

Gonococcal

Acute viral (acute hemorrhagic)

Coronavirus

Non-SARS or MERS Coronavirus (e.g. OC43 or NL63)

SARS or MERS-associated (see SARS OR MERS) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Coxsackie virus disease (see Enteroviral infections)

CRE (Carbepenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae) -- See MDRO

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, CJD, vCJD [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Croup (see Respiratory infections in infants and young children)

Cryptococcosis

Cryptosporidiosis (see Gastroenteritis)

Cytomegalovirus infection, neonatal or immunosuppressed

D

Diarrhea, acute-infective etiology suspected (see Gastroenteritis)

E

Ebola virus [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Echovirus (see Enteroviral infections)

Encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (see specific etiologic agents)

Enterococcus species (see Multidrug-resistant organisms if epidemiologically significant or vancomycin resistant)

Enterocolitis, C. difficile (see C. difficile, Gastroenteritis)

Enteroviral infections

Epiglottitis, due to Haemophilus influenzae type b

Epstein-Barr virus infection, including infectious mononucleosis

Erythema infectiosum (also see Parvovirus B19)

F

Furunculosis, staphylococcal:

Infants and young children

MRSA

G

Gastroenteritis:

Adenovirus

Campylobacter species

Cholera

C. difficile

Cryptosporidium species

E. coli:

Enteropathogenic O157:H7 and other shiga toxin-producing strains

Other species

Giardia lamblia

Noroviruses

Rotavirus

Salmonella species (including S. typhi)

Shigella species

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Viral (if not covered elsewhere)

Yersinia enterocolitica

Giardiasis (see Gastroenteritis)

Gonorrhea

H

Haemophilus influenzae type b, known or suspected

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (see Enteroviral infections)

Hepatitis, viral:

Type A:

Diapered or incontinent patients

Type B-HbsAg positive; acute or chronic

Type C and other unspecified non-A, non-B

Type D (seen only with hepatitis B)

Type E:

Diapered or incontinent patients

Type G

Herpes simplex (HSV):

Encephalitis

Mucocutaneous, disseminated or primary, severe

Mucocutaneous, recurrent (skin, oral, genital)

Neonatal

Herpes zoster (VZV, varicella-zoster, shingles):

Disseminated disease in any patient

Localized disease in immunocompromised patient

Localized disease in patient with intact immune system

Histoplasmosis

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Human metapneumovirus

I

Impetigo

Infectious mononucleosis

Influenza:

Human (seasonal influenza)

Pandemic influenza (including avian influenza) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

K

Kawasaki syndrome

L

Legionnaires disease/Legionella

Lice:

Head (pediculosis)

Body

Pubic

Listeriosis

Lyme disease

M

Malaria

Measles (rubeola) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Meningitis:

Aseptic (nonbacterial or viral; also see Enteroviral infections):

Infants and young children

All others

Bacterial, gram-negative enteric, (not multidrug-resistant)

Fungal

Haemophilus influenzae, type b known or suspected

Listeria monocytogenes

Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcal) known or suspected

Streptococcus pneumoniae

M. tuberculosis

Other diagnosed bacterial (if not multidrug-resistant organism or noted elsewhere in this section)

Unknown pathogen, suspected bacterial

Meningococcal disease: sepsis, pneumonia, meningitis

Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Monkeypox [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), infection or colonization (e.g., MRSA, VRE, VISA/VRSA, CRE, Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, ESBLs)

Mumps (infectious parotitis)

Mycobacteria, nontuberculosis (atypical)

Mycoplasma pneumonia

N

Necrotizing enterocolitis

Norovirus (see Gastroenteritis)

Norwalk agent gastroenteritis (see Gastroenteritis)

P

Parainfluenza virus infection, respiratory in infants and young children

Parvovirus B19

Pediculosis (lice)

Pertussis (whooping cough)

Plague (Yersinia pestis) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Bubonic

Pneumonic

Pneumonia:

Adenovirus

Bacterial not listed elsewhere (including gram-negative bacterial)

Burkholderia cepacia

Chlamydia

Fungal

Haemophilus influenzae, type b

Adults

Infants and children

Legionella spp.

Meningococcal

Multidrug-resistant bacterial (see Multidrug-resistant organisms)

Mycoplasma (primary atypical pneumonia)

Pneumococcal pneumonia

Pneumocystis jiroveci (Pneumocystis carinii)

Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA)

Streptococcus, group A

Varicella-zoster (See Herpes Zoster)

Viral

Adults

Infants and young children (see Respiratory infectious disease, acute)

Prion disease (See Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease)

Q

Q fever

R

Rabies [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Resistant bacterial infection or colonization (see Multidrug-resistant organisms)

Respiratory infectious disease, acute (if not covered elsewhere):

Adults

Infants and young children

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

Rheumatic fever

Rhinovirus

Rickettsial fevers, tickborne (Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tickborne typhus fever)

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rotavirus infection (see Gastroenteritis)

Rubeola (see Measles)

S

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Salmonellosis (see Gastroenteritis)

Scabies

Smallpox (variola; see Vaccinia for management of vaccinated persons) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Staphylococcal disease (S. aureus):

Skin, wound, or burn:

No dressing or drainage not adequately contained

Enterocolitis

Multidrug-resistant (see Multidrug-resistant organisms)

Pneumonia (non-MRSA)

Scalded skin syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (due to MRSA)

Streptococcal disease (group A streptococcus):

Skin, wound, or burn:

No dressing or dressing does not contain wound drainage adequately

Endometritis (puerperal sepsis)

Pharyngitis in infants and young children

Pneumonia

Scarlet fever in infants and young children

Serious invasive disease

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (suspected or confirmed)

Streptococcal disease (group B streptococcus), neonatal

Streptococcal disease (not group A or B) unless covered elsewhere

Strongyloidiasis

Syphilis:

Latent (tertiary) and seropositivity without lesions

Skin and mucous membrane, including congenital, primary, secondary

T

Toxic shock syndrome (empiric; if pathogen known, see staphylococcal disease or streptococcal disease)

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (see Creutzfeld-Jacob disease, CJD, vCJD)

Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis):

Extrapulmonary, draining lesion

Extrapulmonary, no draining lesion or evidence for pulmonary disease

Pulmonary or laryngeal disease, confirmed

Pulmonary or laryngeal disease, suspected

Skin-test positive with no evidence of current active disease

U

Urinary tract infection (including pyelonephritis), with or without urinary catheter, non-MDR organism

V

Vaccinia (smallpox vaccination complications): [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Eczema vaccinatum

Fetal vaccinia

Generalized vaccinia

Progressive vaccinia

Postvaccinia encephalitis

Blepharitis or conjunctivitis

Iritis or keratitis

Vaccinia-associated erythema multiforme (Stevens Johnson Syndrome)

Varicella (see Herpes Zoster)

Variola (see Smallpox)

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (e.g. Lassa, Ebola, Marberg Viruses) [*NOTIFY INFECTION PREVENTION ASAP*]

Viral respiratory diseases (not covered elsewhere):

Adults

Infants and young children (see Respiratory infectious disease, acute)

W

Whooping cough (see Pertussis)

Wound infections:

Draining and no dressing or dressing does not contain drainage adequately

Y

Yersinia enterocolitica gastroenteritis (see gastroenteritis)

Z

Zoster (varicella-zoster) (see Herpes zoster)