References for Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

Biological Agents

General Overview of Category A agents

  1. Darling RG, Catlett CL, Huebner KD, Jarrett DG. Threats in bioterrorism I: CDC category A agents. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2002;20:273-309.
  2. Kman NE, Nelson RN: Infectious Agents of Bioterrorism: A Review of Emergency Physicians. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2008;26:517-47.

Smallpox:

  1. Henderson DA, Inglesby TV, Bartlett JG, et al. Smallpox as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:2127-2137.

  1. Breman JG, Henderson DA. Diagnosis and management of smallpox.  N Eng J Med 2002;346:1300-1307.

Anthrax:

  1. Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, et al. Anthrax as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:1735-45.
  2. Dixon TC, Meselson M, Guillemin J, Hanna PC. Anthrax. N Eng J Med 1999;341:815-826.
  3. Swartz MN. Recognition and management of anthrax-an update. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1621-1626.

  1. Bush LM, Abrams BH, Beall A, Johnson CC. Index case of fatal inhalational anthrax due to bioterrorism in the United States. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1607-1610.

  1. Jernigan JA, Stephens DS, Ashford DA, et al. Bioterrorism-related inhalational anthrax: The first 10 cases reported in the United States. Emerg Infect Dis 2001;7:933-44.

Plague:

  1. Inglesby TV, Dennis DT, Henderson DA, et al. Plague as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2000;283:2281-90.
  2. Human plague-Four states. MMWR 2006;55(34): 940-43.
  3. Prentice MB, Rahalison L. Plague. Lancet 2007;369:1196-207.

Tularemia:

  1. Dennis DT,Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, et al. Tularemia as a biological weapon- Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:2763-73.
  2. Feldman KA, Enscore RE, Althrop SL, et al. Outbreak of primary pneumonic tularemia on Martha’s Vineyard. N Eng J Med 2001;345:1601-6.
  3. Tularemia transmitted by insect bites-Wyoming 2001-2003. MMWR 2005;54(07):170-3.

Botulinum toxin:

  1. Arnon SS, Schechter R, Inglesby TV, et al. Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon-Medical and public health management. JAMA 2001;285:1059-70.
  2. Villar RG, Elliot SP, Davenport KM. Botulism: The many faces of botulinum toxin and its potential for bioterrorism. Infect Dis N Am 2006;20:313-27.

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers:

Chemical Weapons

  1. Case Definitions for Chemical Poisoning. MMWR 2005;54(No. RR-1):1-25.
  2. Lawrence DT, Kirk MA: Chemical Terrorism Attacks: Update on Antidotes. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2007:25:567-95
  3. Kales SN, Christiani DC: Acute Chemical Emergencies. N Eng J Med 2004;350:800-8.