Vascular Diagnosis

Ross R. Mechanism of disease: Atherosclerosis—an inflammatory disease. N Engl J Med 1999;340:115–126.

Caruana M, Bradbury A, Adam D. The validity, reliability, reproducibility and extended utility of ankle to brachial pressure index in current vascular surgical practice. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2005;29(5):443-51.

Rowe V, Tucker S. Advances in vascular imaging. Surg Clin North Am 2004;84(5): 1189-202.

Pearce W, Astleford P. What's new in vascular ultrasound. Surg Clin North Am 2004;84(4):1113-26.

Auerbach A, Goldman L. B-Blockers and Reduction of Cardiac Events in Noncardiac Surgery: Scientific Review. JAMA 2002;287:1435-1444.